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Remembering Bapu

2nd October is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti, the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi . This year we are celebrating 149th birth anniversary of the father of our Nation. 

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi better known as Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869. The name 'Mahatma' was given by Rabindranath Tagore. He is also known as 'Bapu' in India.

Mahatma Gandhi played the key role in the independence movements of India.  He was a non-violent activist and he led the independence movements of India through a non-violent protest . Gandhi returned to India from South Africa in 1915 and jumped into the Indian freedom movement.

Here we remember Bapu's 5 major contributions to the India's struggle for freedom :

Salt march is also known as Dandi march. It is one of the major non-violent protest against the British regime in India against salt tax.  On 12th March,  1930 Bapu along with many walked  for 26 long days about 390 kilometers from Sabarmati Ashram to a small village called Dandi , in the state of Gujarat  to produce salt. 

At Champaram (Bihar), farmers were forced to grow indigo in a very low commission and were being tortured if protested. The poor farmers sought Bapu's help and Bapu managed to win concessions of the authority. 

After Champaran,  Bapu started Kheda agitation to support peasants of the Kheda district of Gujarat. People of Kheda were unable to pay the high taxes levied by the British due to crop failure.

Non-cooperation movement is the first mass movement of Indian independence movements against the British rule led by Bapu. This movement arose after the massacre of Jalliwalabagh where several hundreds of Indians were killed by British-led troops. So Bapu planned to withdraw the nation's co-operation with British government by boycotting foreign goods and services . 

The quit India movement was started on August 1942 led by Bapu. The protest was initiated to demand the end of the British rule in india .


  1. Mahatma Gandhi was the most prominent leader of the Indian Independence movement and he is unofficially referred to as ‘Father of the Nation’ in India. India gained its independence on 15th August 1947 but it was accompanied by partition of British India into sovereign states of India and Pakistan. This led to widespread riots in the region in which an estimated 200,000 to 2,000,000 people were killed. Mahatma Gandhi appealed to all for peace. In Calcutta, where he was present, he took a fast at the age of 77, which ameliorated the situation in the region. Without his presence, there could have perhaps been even more bloodshed during the partition.

  2. I had no idea he was referred to as "Bapu" in India! What an incredible leader for India as well as the world!

  3. I didn't know people called him Bapu in India! He was such an inspirational person!

  4. nice to know you called him BAPU. he was a great leader and inspiration.

  5. Mahatma Gandhi is one of the great leaders in the World. He is truly an inspiration to all of us and even my kids knows his story. This is my first time eharing about his name Bapu.

  6. I had no idea he was named Bapu but this is really interesting!

  7. Such a great man. I honestly had no idea these pieces of information on him! Thank you for sharing with us.

  8. I have never know that he was called Bapu but base on what you've written in this article he is a great man who always think what is good for his people.

  9. Kristine Nicole AlessandraOctober 4, 2018 at 8:15 AM

    This is such a nice post and I really like how you describe Bapu is and what I understand is he is a great man that is why everybody's like him.

  10. Wonderfully written! I honestly did no know a lot about Ghandi so thank you for recapping his 5 biggest contributions!

  11. I manage to learn something new every day. I have not heard of Bapu until today and to find out who it is is eye opening.

  12. I honestly don't know about this story but thanks to you for sharing and letting us know this.

  13. I’m glad I was able to learn in depth information about him and the culture behind it. This was really good to read.

  14. I had know idea that Gandhi was also known as Bapu in India. I will have to share all of this wonderful post with my kids who are homeschooling. Great article!

  15. Gandhi is a well known figure, but I wonder how many people actually know what he did and what he's quoted for. This is definitely a good information post~

  16. Wow, we often see his peace-loving quotes, but I never knew he did so many things. Thanks for sharing his contributions and I can see why he's well-loved!


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